Acronym/Abbreviation Title
AC Advisory Councils
ACCOBAMS Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area
ACOM ICES Advisory Committee
ASCOBANS Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas
BANOS SRIA Joint Baltic Sea and North Sea Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda
Barcelona Conv. UNEP/MAP Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean
Bern Convention Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats in Europe
BlueMed SRIA BlueMed Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda
Bucharest Conv. Convention for the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution
BLAC Black Sea Advisory Council
BSAC Baltic Sea Advisory Council
BSAP HELCOM’s Baltic Sea Action Plan
BBNJ Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CMS Convention on Migratory Species (also known as Bonn Convention)
COFI FAO Committee of Fisheries
CFP Common Fisheries Policy
DCF Data Collection Framework
DG Directorate-General of the European Commission
DG ENV Directorate-General for Environment
DG MARE Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
DST Decision Support Table
DTO European Digital Twin of the Ocean
EBFM Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management
EC European Commission
EEA European Environmental Agency
EU European Union
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
Fish Group HELCOM’s Group on Ecosystem-based Sustainable Fisheries
GES Good Environmental Status (under the MSFD)
GFCM General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
ICCAT International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
IMP Integrated Maritime Policy
IOC-UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPBES Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
IPOA International Plans of Action
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature
JRC Joint Research Centre
MAPs Multiannual Management Plans under the CFP
MAP Mediterranean Action Plan under UNEP
MEDAC Mediterranean Sea Advisory Council
Mission Ocean EU Mission: Restore our Ocean and Waters
MoU CMS Memoranda of Understanding
MoU Sharks Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks
MPA Marine Protected Area
MSFD Marine Strategy Framework Directive
MSPD Marine Spatial Planning Directive
MSRG Member States Regional Group
MSY Maximum Sustainable Yield
NBSAPs National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (under the CBD)
NEAS OSPAR’s North-East Atlantic Environmental Strategy
NSAC North Sea Advisory Council
Ocean Decade UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030)
OSPAR Oslo-Paris Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment in the North-East Atlantic
HELCOM Helsinki Commission, implementing the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment in the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)
PELAC Pelagic Stocks Advisory Council
SAC Scientific Advisory Committee of Fisheries (GFCM)
SCICOM ICES Scientific Committee
SCRS Standing Committee on Research and Statistics (ICCAT)
SPAMIs Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (under the Barcelona Convention)
SRA Strategic Research Agenda
STECF Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries
RCP IPCC Representative Concentration Pathways
RSC Regional Sea Convention
Restoration Decade UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030)
RFMO Regional Fisheries Management Organisation
RSCAPs UNEP Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans
SACs Special Areas of Conservation (under the Habitats Directive)
SCIs Sites of Community Importance (under the Habitats Directive)
SDG UN Sustainable Development Goal
SoMFi GFCM State of the Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries Report
SPAs Special Protection Areas (under the Birds Directive)
SRIAs Strategic Research and Innovation Agendas
UN United Nations
UNCLOS UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNESCO UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNEP UN Environment Program
UNFSA UN Fish Stocks Agreement
WFD Water Framework Directive